Terpenes

Cannabis plants have over 200 different terpenes, here are the most common ones:

 

Beta-caryophyllene:

also found in: cloves, rosemary, hops, basil, cinnamon leaves

smell: peppery, pungent, woody

healing properties: colitis, diabetes, cerebral ischemia, anxiety and depression, liver fibrosis, and Alzheimer-like diseases

It is the only terpene in cannabis that can bind to the CB2 receptor. This is a receptor in the endocannabinoid system, which is found in the body’s immune system. This is why this terpene is also often classified as an atypical cannabinoid.

 

Limonene:

also found in: rinds of citrus fruits, rosemary and in mint

smell: citrus fruit, clean, fresh

healing properties: Boosts the production of cells (in the spleen and bone marrow) which are used by the body as antibodies, helping to identify and neutralize pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Recently, researchers also discovered that this terpene could be useful in the fight against the corona virus.

 

Myrcene:

also found in: mango, hops, lemongrass

smell: herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky

healing properties: anti-inflammatory effect (associated with osteoarthritis), breakdown of cartilage cells, slow down the progression of osteoarthritis, and decrease the production of certain inflammatory cells produced by the body

 

Beta-pinene:

also found in: cumin, hop, cluster pine, clausena anisata, conifers, rosemary, dill, basil and parsley

smell: coniferous forest, pine, christmas tree

healing properties: anti-depressant, anti-cancer properties

 

Humulene:

also found in: hop, sage, ginger, ginseng

smell: sharp, ginger

healing properties: energizing effects, antibacterial agent and possesses antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties.

 

Linalool:

also found in: lavender

smell: floral aroma, lavender

healing properties: anti-inflammatory and anti-seizure properties, combat insomnia

 

What are terpenes?

If you’ve ever wondered how each cannabis strain gets its specific aroma, here’s your answer: Terpenes are the soluble compounds found in the essential oils produced by plants.

Terpenes are made in the same glands that produce THC or CBD. Unfortunately, in contrast to THC, less value was placed on these because they are/were still very unexplored scientifically. We now know – the terpenes are not only good for a pleasant taste or smell. They also greatly affect the unique effects of each strain.

 

Why do plants produce terpenes in the first place?

Basically, terpenes provide plants with a protective function. The pungent smell drives away certain types of pests, but also attracts beneficial insects. Factors why some strains produce more terpenes than others include climate, soil quality, fertilizer, age of the plant, and many more.

 

The Entourage Effect: How Do Terpenes Work?

A connection between terpenes and cannabinoids has been established in science: Both molecules of the respective genus merge in their effect and thereby form the benefit of the respective combination. This phenomenon is also called the entourage effect. So, for example, terpenes like limonene, ß-caryophyllene, and pinene work together with THC to produce a very specific effect in a strain. CBD is also linked to the terpene linalool through a special synergistic relationship. Numerous studies have also proven – even in isolated form, the individual terpenes have fascinating effects.

However, terpenes alone do not induce psychoactive highs. They alter mood by triggering processes in the serotonin and dopamine systems. This massively optimizes the “high” induced by cannabinoids. The terpene molecules are found everywhere and are ingested by each of us on a daily basis. With every breath in the woods or every sip of orange juice, you take terpenes into your system.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *